Scabies treatment, symptoms and causes
Scabies is an infectious disease that causes skin irritation and itching. It is very contagious, but it takes direct and intense contact – skin with skin – to pass from one person to another. That is why it is also considered a sexually transmitted disease . In some cases the clothing can act as a transmitter of the parasite . The scabies which years ago was erroneously linked with filth seemed eradicated, but returned to make an appearance. It is not serious and can be cured with medication, the main problem is knowing how to identify it. It is a skin disease caused by the parasite mite Sarcoptes scabiei , commonly called scabies plow .treatment for scabies ,symptoms and causes
The mite that produces scabies is less than half a millimeter. Its scientific name is Sarcoptes scabiei parasite mite , and it is a parasite that feeds on our dead skin.
The most common symptom of human scabies is the appearance of intense itchy skin, which worsens during the night.Scabies lesions can be found basically in fingers, hands, wrists, armpits, thighs and buttocks. In some cases the infection can affect genital parts, especially the penis and scrotum. However, in no case do they appear in areas such as the face or back.
The first time you get infected with the scabies mite, the symptoms may take up to 2 months to appear, and if the disease eventually recurs, the symptoms usually appear faster, in less than 4 days.
At the time when there are no symptoms, the disease can be transmitted from person to person. So when a case arises in the family it is important to verify all the people who have been in contact with the infected individual to make the diagnosis and start the treatment, if necessary.
Causes of scabies
The cause of scabies is none other than contagion . This can be given by direct exposure with the person who has them in their skin, being intimate relationships the most propitious time for such contagion to occur.
On the other hand, it can also be spread if you come into contact with clothes worn by the infected person, as well as if you sleep on your sheets. Other tissues are not so highly contagious, but every precaution is little.
Actually there are no other factors that should be considered. For example, personal hygiene has nothing to do with contagion. Someone who is very neat can get it just as easily if they come in contact with this insect.
On the other hand there are those who fear dogs or other animals as a source of contagion. The truth is that there are specific mange parasites for humans and dogs, and although the idea of cross-infection should not be considered, it cannot be ruled out either.treatment for scabies ,symptoms and causes
The treatment for human scabies should be guided by a dermatologist, as it can vary according to the severity of the infestation and the type of skin of each person. However, it is usually done with scabies medications such as:
- Permethrin : it is a cream that must be placed on the skin to remove the mite and its eggs. It can be used in adults, pregnant women and children with more than 2 years;
- Crotamitón : it can be bought in the form of cream or lotion that must be applied daily. It should not be used by pregnant women or breastfeeding women;
- Ivermectin : is a tablet that strengthens the immune system and helps eliminate the mite. It should not be used by pregnant women, breastfeeding women or children with less than 15 kg.
Generally these medications should be applied throughout the body, from the neck to the feet, and must remain in contact with the skin for 8 hours, being recommended to do the treatment before bedtime. The treatment should be carried out for 3 consecutive days and after 7 or 8 days it should be repeated for 3 more days to ensure that all parasites have been eliminated. The doctor may also indicate the intake of antihistamines and a solution of calamine to reduce itching in the body.
In addition to this, during treatment it is important to maintain proper body hygiene. Clothes, sheets or towels that have been in direct contact with the skin of the infected person should be washed separately from that of the rest of the family and with hot water at about 50 ° C, if possible place them in the dryer then for about 20 minutes
People of the same family should go to the dermatologist to assess if they were also infected by the mite, to start treatment if necessary.
Homemade remedy for scabies
An excellent natural home remedy to relieve scabies symptoms and facilitate treatment is aloe gel. This gel has properties that soothe the skin, reduce itching and help eliminate mites.
To use this remedy, you should remove the gel inside a leaf of aloe and spread it on the affected regions, leaving it to act for 15 minutes. Then wash the region with soap and water of neutral pH.
What happens if we scratch?
What can happen when scratching is that the skin lesions become infected , causing inflammation, pus and more pain that would make the use of antibiotics necessary . In addition, a secondary skin infection called impetigo , of bacterial origin, could occur .treatment for scabies ,symptoms and causes
What to do to avoid getting scabies?
The first thing you should know is that scabies is produced by the bite of small bugs called mites. They appear in places with poor hygiene conditions , where large amounts of dust accumulate , such as carpets , curtains and even sofas.
Other measures to avoid getting scabies
Although you can fight directly against mites, you should keep in mind that scabies can also be contracted by contact with already infected people , so, to avoid getting scabies, it is advised to:
- Prevent contact at all costs with people suffering from scabies.
- Do not share clothing, sheets, towels or personal items with people who have been infected.
- In case of having an infected person at home, duplicate hygiene measures, ventilate the spaces, vacuum the carpets, sofas and curtains, and shake the bedding outside.